AND NUMBER OF FARMS
In 2005 there were 1,276 stud farms. Hokkaido
is home to over 80% of these with the balance to found mainly
in Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima, Tochigi, Chiba, Miyazaki
and Kagoshima prefectures throughout the rest of Japan. The trend
has been and continues to be that the industry is expanding in
Hokkaido and shrinking in all other regions where the focus has
turned mainly to training.
In 2006 there were 292 thoroughbred stallions
registered at stud in Japan of which 118 were foreign-bred. Over
80% of these stallions are standing in Hokkaido.
216 of the stallions (74%) covered 50 or fewer mares with eight
stallions (2.7%) having more than 200 coverings. The top five
being King Kamehameha (JPN) 256, Fuji Kiseki (JPN) 252, Neo Universe
(JPN) 247, Kurofune (USA) 246, with Special Week (JPN) and Zenno
Rob Roy (JPN) both covering 216.
The number of broodmares has declined since
peaking at over 15,000 in the early 90's with the number of broodmares
in 2006 registered as 10,255.
The foal crop has declined from an average
in the 8,000s in the late 90's to 7,655 being registered in 2006.